Wednesday, April 18, 2012


I've recently gotten my hands on a new PC that has the Intel-VT instruction set enabled.

What's the first thing I do? 

Install OS X Lion. On VMWare ESXi.

Time will tell how it behaves as it's going to replace my current mixed (and not very nice( environment (Windows Server 2K8 running iTunes serving to an apple TV and Debian (a broken Squeeze install) running Twonky serving to my PS3. Now theres going to be one machine doing it all.


802.1q VLAN Tagging/VTP with Windows Hyper-V R2

I came across this potentially useful piece of information whilst trying to get a new guest VM to speak to it's default gateway. 

It was set to use a VLAN on a shared interface on the firewall (VLAN 1,2&3), this was a new VLAN and was configured in the same manner as the other two functioning VLANs. The whole way through both switches (allowing VLAN trunking, configuring the allowed VLANs on the switch ports affected etc.) but it was not working, it couldn't ping it's gateway, nor could the gateway ping it.

The problem was that the Hyper-V Host was not  trunking all VLANs, only specified ones. I don't know if this is an out of the box setting, but I don't recall changing it, or adding the other VLANs to it. 

To rectify this, open up the Host properties in SCVMM or in Hyper-V Manager, then  navigate to the Network tab.


Click on the affected connection (LAN1 in this case) then select Edit.(You should see that the VLAN is set to Trunk already) If this isn't the case, you may need to allow trunking on the next screen as well.


Now you can either add the VLAN manually, or select the Trunk All VLAN ids. This will then populate the list below with all VLANs 1-4095. The checkbox will disappear the next time you open this but the list remains populated.

If you are managing a lot of VLANs (100's) or if you're only in charge of the Virtualisation technology, I might suggest allowing all, if you have a close coupling with the network team (or you *are* the network team) then allowing only specified VLANs may be a better, safer solution.

Monday, February 20, 2012

Exchange 2010 and iPhone with ActiveSync

You need to make sure that the following is set up when attempting to use an iPhone with iOS > 4 with Exchange > 2010 SP1.

1. In the Hub Transport section under Organization Configuration, ensure that both the "Name" and "Accepted Domain" do not contain any spaces. I recommend using the accepted domain as the name.  This does not matter if it is an Authoritative, Internal or External Relay. You can use the GUI to do this, i.e. right click on the domain with spaces and select properties. Or use the Exchange cmdlet

Set-AcceptedDomain –Identity <value> -Name “ValidSMTPDomainName” 

2. You need to reenable inheritance of permissions from parent if you are adding privileged accounts, i.e. member of Domain Admins. 
To do this, open up Active Directory Users and Computers, then click on View, and then click on Advanced Features. 
Right click on the affected user, then select "Properties". Go to the "Security" tab and click "Advanced". Then enable "Include inheritable permissions from this object's parent" Click Apply and OK.

Wednesday, December 07, 2011

Barracuda Health Monitoring with Nagios

Ive written a few plugins that check the health of a Barracuda SPF appliance. They're in (bad) perl but seem to do the job pretty well
The first, to check the RPM of the CPU and System Fans has been accepted into the NagiosExchange site and is listed as:

The others, which check the 3 mail queues, and the CPU temperature have been submitted but not yet approved.
I'll update here when they are released.

Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Changing default editor to vim

Run the command below: 

sudo update-alternatives --config editor

Then select vim.basic or vim.tiny from the menu presented

Monday, November 21, 2011

Copy SSH Key to Server in one command

Use this technique to copy the SSH key and add it to the authorized_keys file in one command
ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/ username@remotehost

Pop in your password and you're done.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Sage Payroll 2011 Won't Start

Today I encountered a problem with Sage Payroll 2011 v17.00.029, when started, the program would display the splash screen and successfully run the first run wizard (asking for Company name, Address and Tax District to be used when creating defaults etc.)
Once this completed, the application appeared to close (which I assumed was normal). On next startup, it asked me to select the company I had created and login (using the default MANAGER account and no password), selecting this and the correct date for processing using the date picker, then clicking OK, the application then crashed out.

The solution to this was to change the region that the system was running under, I had accidentally set it to US using the unattended installation disc I created, setting this to UK and rebooting solved this problem and allowed the application to run successfully.

This can be diagnosed quite easily by inspecting the date format in the date picker textbox, i.e. today it should read 21/03/2011 but instead was reading 03/21/2011. I think this might be a design flaw in the Sage application as the date picker successfully calculated the week-end number (50 in this case) but was unable to execute the program. I believe that Sage have no intention to fix this as it would require a lot of effort for little reward so be careful if you are using a non-EU cloud service for your Infrastructure as a Service or if you have multiple geographic locations.

Saturday, August 21, 2010

Unprotect PDF Documents

install GhostScript then run this command to unprotect PDF
gs -q -dNOPAUSE -dBATCH -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sOutputFile=OUTPUT.pdf -c .setpdfwrite -f INPUT.pdf

Posted via email from Daniel's posterous